Specifications – (to) specify – specified

  1. You can _____ bold, italics, and underlining.
  2. _____ work is work that is undertaken in a 'specified' field or industry in a designated regional area.
  3. Font _____ allow you to change fonts within a document.

7. Choose the right answer:

1. What is the best definition of 'log on'?

a) to enter information related to an account name and its password in order to access a computer resource;

b) to terminate a connection to a computer or network;

c) to switch or reverse a value, such as from on to off.

2. What is the best definition of 'multitasking'?

a) a text-only link between a computer and its operator;

b) concurrent execution of two or more tasks by a processor;

c) a software which converts the data from a component or peripheral into data that an operating system can use.

3. What is the best definition of 'Linux'?

a) a software toolkit for UNIX systems underlying numerous GUI window managers including KDE and Gnome;

b) an open source version of Unix developed by a volunteer team of programmers around the world;

c) a database modeling technique optimized for cases where a large number of possible attributes may apply to a given entity.

4. What is the best definition of 'GUI' or 'graphical user interface'?

a) the fundamental part of an operating system responsible for providing access to the machine's hardware;

b) an icon based link between a computer and its operator;

c) a text-only link between a computer and its operator.

5. What is the best definition of 'log off'?

a) to start up a computer when it is turned off;

b) to enter information related to an account name and its password in order to access a computer resource;

c) to terminate a connection to a computer or network.

6. What is the best definition of 'kernel'?

a) a GUI or CLI software link between the computer and operator; also provides a framework for productivity software such as an office suite, web browser, or programming languages;

b) a text-only link between a computer and its operator;

c) the fundamental part of an operating system responsible for providing access to the machine's hardware.

7. What is the best definition of 'device driver'?

a) software which converts the data from a component or peripheral into data that an operating system can use;

b) a text-only link between a computer and its operator;

c) concurrent execution of two or more tasks by a processor.

8. What is the best definition of 'hidden file'?

a) an icon based link between a computer and its operator;

b) a method of packing data in order to save disk storage space or download time;



c) a file which does not appear by default in a directory listing; normally for security reasons or to spare confusion in end users.

9. What is the best definition of 'VM' or 'virtual machine'?

a) an icon based link between a computer and its operator;

b) a software program which mimics the performance of one or more hardware devices in order to run software independently of the actual hardware;

c) a text-only link between a computer and its operator.

10. What is the best definition of 'compression'?

a) a set of strict rules for controlling read, write, and execute access to a file or directory;

b) a method of packing data in order to save disk storage space or download time;

c) a text-only link between a computer and its operator.

(based on: www.english4it.com)

8. Read and translate the text:


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